Jessica Graham is Associate Professor of History at UC San Diego and she received a Ph.D. in History from the University of Chicago. Professor Graham’s research focuses on racial nationalism, black activism, communism, fascism, and democracy in the United States and Brazil during the twentieth century. Her book, Shifting the Meaning of Democracy: Racial Inclusion as a Strategy in Brazil and the United States, was published in 2019 and received the Brazilian Studies Association’s Roberto Reis best book prize. Professor Graham teaches courses on African American, Brazilian, and global black history. She is also director of UCSD’s Black Studies Project.